Transgender history, in the broadest sense, includes examples of gender variance and gender nonconformity in cultures worldwide since ancient times. As this history is prior to the coining of the modern term transgender, opinions of how to categorize these people and identities can vary. This history also begins prior to the mid-twentieth-century usage of gender in american psychology and associated conceptual apparatus including the notions of gender identity and gender role. This history also begins prior to the mid-twentieth-century usage of gender in american psychology and associated conceptual apparatus including the notions of gender identity and gender role. Transgender history dates back to the first recorded instances of transgender individuals in ancient civilizations. The word transgender did not exist until 1965 the timeline includes events and personalities that may be viewed as transgender in the broadest sense, including third gender and other gender-variant behavior, including ancient or modern precursors from the historical record. Transgender, term self-applied by persons whose gender identity varies from that traditionally associated with their apparent biological sex at birth. In its original and narrower sense, transgender referred to males and females who respectively gender-identify as females and males. transgender author and theorist leslie feinberg characterizes joan of arc as an early, formidable transgender warrior in her book transgender warriors making history from joan of arc to dennis rodman. history is replete with examples of transgender and transsexual people. The indian hijras, the israeli sarisim (eunuchs), and the roman emperor elagabalus all fell into this category. While trans individuals have existed for centuries, the national movement to give them civil rights in the united states has only recently taken place. the final day of transgender awareness week is the transgender day of remembrance (tdor), an annual observance on november 20 that honors the memory of those whose lives were lost in acts of anti-transgender violence. Take a look back now at the history of transgender visibility with this timeline of notable events compiled by glaad. Covering american transgender history from the mid-twentieth century to today, transgender history takes a chronological approach to the subject of transgender history, with each chapter covering major movements, writings, and events.